Minimizing Injection Pain

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Posted on 17th May 2011 by admin in Uncategorized

There are very few patients that enjoy receiving medications via injection.  This route of administering medication is feared by many patients both young and old so as an allied health professional, it is important to be sensitive to this fear.  Some patients are especially uncomfortable around needles.  Whenever you have to administer a medication to a patient via an injection it is best to follow some simple guidelines that can help to reduce patient discomfort.

-Relax.  Even though it won’t be easy for many patients, it is important that the patient relaxes when receiving a shot.  Tense muscles are difficult penetrate and will cause the injection to hurt more than it would normally if the patient’s muscles were relaxed.

-Replace.  If the medication was irritating to the patient, replace the needle after you use it to withdraw the medication from the vial.  This will prevent the medication from having unnecessary contact with the patient.

-Position.  Have the patient lay flat on the abdomen if you are injecting  any medication in the dorsogluteal site.  If you are injecting anything in the ventrogluteal site, have the patient lay on his or her side with knees flexed.

-Avoid hard tissues.  Do not inject anything into an area that is sensitive or that has hardened tissues.  Injecting into these areas will cause extreme pain.
-Compress.  Do not forget to compress the skin at the injection site.

-Be patient.  To prevent the antiseptic from sticking to the needle during the injection be sure to give the antiseptic time to dry before injecting any medication into an area.

-Dart.  To reduce pain when the needle punctures the skin, dart the needle.

-Slow in/ quick out.    Slowly inject the medication into the skin.  Once the wheal has formed, quickly pull the needle out in a straight line.

-Ask the patient to cough.  If you inject the medication when the patient coughs there is less chance that the patient will notice any pain.  Have the patient cough on the count of three and inject the medication.

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