Blood Bank Specimens

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Posted on 4th May 2011 by admin in Uncategorized

The blood bank has many different types of blood specimens that must be labeled to correctly identify the types of blood products that they are.  This is important because only certain blood products can be transfused safely into patients.  Blood specimens should always be carefully collected and labeled so that future blood transfusions are safely done.  There are specific procedures that can help to ensure the correct processing of all blood specimens.

Blood specimens are required to be collected in plain red stopper tubes or lavender or pink top EDTA tubes.  Once the blood is collected, the specimens must  labeled with the patient identification.  Any specimens that are mislabeled, incomplete, inaccurately or unlabeled will not be tested.  Any identification errors require that the specimen be re-collected.  These types of errors can delay a patient’s treatment.  Errors can be dangerous and even fatal if undetected.  Blood banks usually require the following information to be labeled on all of their specimens:

-Patient’s full name, including middle initial
-Patient’s hospital identification number or social security number for outpatients
-Patient’s birth date
-Date and time of collection
-Phelbotomist’s initials

There are several different blood bank identification systems that can be used.  ID bracelets are commonly attached to the patient’s wrist and used to identify the blood specimen to the patient.  The patient’s identity is confirmed and written  on the bracelet, that also has a special and unique ID number.  A carbon copy of the information is retained on the bracelet and the original copy can be removed and attached to the blood sample.  This helps to identify the correct specimen to the right patient.  There are certain protocols that each blood bank may require in addition to this specific protocol.

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