Nursing: How to Administer Eardrops or Nosedrops to Patients


Posted on 1st March 2011 by admin in Uncategorized

How to become a nurseInstillations are liquid medications that can be administered to the eyes, ears and nose.  There are several important steps that should be followed to prevent the spread of disease and to prevent unnecessary discomfort to the patient when administering eardrops and nasal drops or sprays.

When administering eardrops to patients, the following guidelines can be helpful for anybody studying how to become a nurse.

-Always check the prescriber’s order.  It is important to read the prescriber’s orders so that you are aware of any special instructions or considerations as well as the correct dosage amounts.

-Always wash your hands and apply clean gloves before administering eardrops.  This can help to prevent the spread of disease.

-Positions the patient’s head so that the side that needs the medication is tilted slightly upward.

-Straighten the external ear canal.  A patient that is 3 years old or older should have his or her ear straighted by pulling the auricle up and back.  If the patient is younger than three years the ear canal should be pulled down and back to straighten.

-Only the prescribed number of drops should be administered into the ear.

-Avoid touching the ear with the dropper because the dropper can easily become contaminated.

-After the drops are administered, the patient should remain with his or head tilted for 2-3 minutes so that the medication does not drain out of the ear.

Nose drops should be administered in the following manner.

-The prescriber’s orders should be looked over.

-The patient should be given a tissue and asked to blow his or her nose.

-If nose drops are to be used, the patient should position his head back if the infection is located in the frontal sinus.  Position the patients head to the affected side if the infection is in the ethmoid sinus.  Administer the prescribed number of drops into the nose and ask the patient to keep his or her head in the same position for five minutes after the drops have been administered.

-If nose sprays are administered, ask the patient to close the unaffected nostril.  Have the patient tilt his or her head to the side of the closed nostril and spray the medication into the affected nostril.  The medication instructions will specify whether the patient should hold his or her breath or open the closed nostril and breathe following administration of the nasal spray.

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