Allied Health Departments of Clinical Analysis

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Posted on 14th January 2011 by admin in Uncategorized

allied healthThe two final departments of clinical analysis we will review this week on our allied health blog are the microbiology department and Immunohematology department.  We hope our overview of different clinical analysis lab tests, and departments has been interesting and informational.  Lots of times we go to hospitals as patients and don’t realize where our urine or blood goes, and what tests need to be run.   A lot of skill and knowledge are applied when analysis is applied to samples.  As an allied health professional, it will be important to have a general understanding of these different unknown areas of the hospital or clinic which you may work in.

Microbiology

The presence of microorganisms in the blood is primarily analyzed by the microbiology department.  Culture and sensitivity testing (C & S) is performed on body fluids and tissues.  Results of a C & S tell the type of organisms present and which antibiotics would provide the most effective form of treatment.  In order to identify microorganisms it is important to transport these types of specimens properly.   Subsections of microbiology are bacteriology, parasitology, mycology, and virology.

Immunohematology

The immunohematology department of the laboratory is basically the blood bank.  It prepares blood products to be used for transfusions.   Whole blood, platelets, packed cells, fresh frozen plasma and cryoprecipitates are the blood components dispensed from this department.  Blood samples from all donors are carefully tested before any transfusion is administered.   Careful testing ensures that blood incompatibility and transfusion reactions can be avoided.  The blood bank offers transfusion services, if necessary, that are designed to collect, prepare and store blood from donors or patients who would like to donate their own blood for autologous transfusions.

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